Main Article Content
In the last Thirty years, a lot of scientific research has been carrying out in the field of Carbon nanomaterials over the world due to their significant useful features in electronic, optical, mechanical, chemical fields. Carbon nanomaterials based electrochemical biosensors have reported thermal properties. The zero-three dimensional Carbon nanomaterials have exhibited inseparable features that can be easily exploited in the development of advanced technology for sensing applications. The Carbon has been used for the electrochemical electrodes due to its unique electrochemical properties i.e. a large potential window, low cost, a very small background current. The biocompatibility of Carbon nanomaterials has revolutionized the field of electrochemical detection of various analytes or targets. The electrochemical analysis has been used for the qualitative and quantitative determination of amount of electro active analytes.
In this paper, a comprehensive study has been made to highlight the characteristic features of a variety of nanomaterials along with the methods employed for their synthesis. The recent developments in the field of Carbon based nanomaterials for their use as electrochemical biosensors have been thoroughly discussed along with the future prospects and possibilities in this field.