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With the advent of internet-of-things (IoT)-based home automation systems, time synchronization techniques for low power sensor modules are in high demand. The constrained application protocol (CoAP) was recently standardized for sensor networks by IETF and is becoming widely adopted for home automation systems by ETSI, OMA, and oneM2M. The network time protocol (NTP) is not applicable to home automation systems due to its limited computing resources. This paper proposes a lightweight time synchronization algorithm for CoAP-based home automation system networks. The CoAP option field and a shim header are used to include time-stamps in the home automation system. The proposed scheme can thus be applied to both IP-based and non-IPbased home automation systems. In experiments with several household devices having non-IP communication interfaces, experimental results show that the proposed technique gives an average error of 1 ms and a network overhead reduction of 17% when compared to the ideal NTP service1.

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How to Cite
Narmatha.P, DivyaBharathi.M, Anushalini.K, Jeeva.G, & Mohanraj.V. (2017). Design of internet of things based smart energy meter using embedded technology and android application . International Journal of Intellectual Advancements and Research in Engineering Computations, 5(2), 1372–1379. Retrieved from